This report is a description of the work undertaken by an ETSI SAGE Task Force on the design of the Milenage
Algorithm Set: an example set of 3GPP Authentication and Key Generation Functions.
The 3GPP Authentication and Key Generation Functions are not standardized. An example set of these algorithms has
been produced on request from 3GPP with the intent that it shall be offered to the UMTS operators, to utilise instead of developing their own. An ETSI SAGE Task Force has carried out this work.
The requirement specification from 3GPP SA3 stated that operator personalisation of the example set must be possible and that the basic kernel must be possible to replace.
The example set is based on the block cipher Rijndael, which at the time was one of the AES candidates and the
specification describes how the 7 algorithms used in 3GPP authentication and key generation are scheduled around this basic kernel. The specification and associated test data for the example algorithm set is documented in three documents:
A formal specification of both the modes and the example kernel (TS 35.206)
A detailed test data document, covering modes and the example kernel (TS 35.207)
A "black box" test data document (TS 35.208)